B.Voc Syllabus Manufacturing

B.Voc in Manufacturing

Model Curriculum for B.Voc./ D.Voc. in Manufacturing

All India Council for Technical Education Nelson Mandela Marg, New Delhi

1.     Introduction

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) Ministry of HRD, Government of India has introduced Entrepreneurship oriented Skill development courses of B.Voc. /D.Voc. /Skill Diploma. These courses will be run by AICTE approved institutes by using available infrastructure and facilities. In these courses the institute will conduct general education content and sector specific skills will be imparted by Skill Knowledge Providers/ Training Providers/ Industries.

1.1 Key Features:


  • To provide judicious mix of skills relating to a profession and appropriate content of General Education.
    • To ensure that the students have adequate knowledge and skills, so that they are work ready at each exit point of the programme.
    • To provide flexibility to the students by means of pre-defined entry and multiple exit points.
    • To integrate NSQF within the undergraduate level of higher education to enhance employability of the students and meet industry requirements. Such student apart from meeting the needs of local and national industry are also expected to be equipped to become part of the global workforce.
    • To provide vertical mobility to students admitted in such vocational courses.
    • The certification levels will lead to Diploma/Advanced Diploma/B. Voc. Degree in the Automobile Manufacturing stream of Automotive Sector and will be offered by respective affiliating University/Board of Technical Education.
    • Students may be awarded Level Certificate/Diploma/Advance Diploma /Degree as out-lined in the Table below:
Award Duration after class XII Corresponding NSQF level
Diploma 1 Year 5
Advance Diploma 2 Years 6
B.Voc. Degree 3 Years 7

2.  Course Objectives

After successfully completing the vocational course, the student would have acquired relevant appropriate and adequate technical knowledge together with the professional skills and competencies in the field of Automobile Manufacturing so that he/she is properly equipped to take up gainful employment in this Vocation. Thus he/she should have acquired.

A.  Understanding of

  • The relevant basic concepts and principles in basic science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) so that the students is able to understand the different vocational subjects.
    • The basic concepts in engineering drawing.
    • The concepts, principles and procedures used Automobile Manufacturing.
    • The knowledge of working of Automobile components.
    • The procedure of replacing / installing Automobile Components.
    • The concepts and principles used in Hybrid Automobiles.

B.  Adequate Professional Skills and Competencies in

  • Providing manufacturing knowhow of two-wheeler, three-wheeler, four-wheeler and SUVs.
    • Testing the performance of Automobile components.
    • Locating the fault at component level and at the stage level.
    • Installing components in the Hybrid Automobiles.
    • Developing the devices required for mass production of Automobiles.
    • Preparing the production layout according to the procedures involved in manufacturing of Automobiles
    • Locating the fault at Automobile Manufacturing level due to improper process, scheduling etc. and its rectification.

C.  A Healthy and Professional Attitude so that the student has

  • An analytical approach while working on a job.
    • An open mind while locating/rectifying faults.
    • Respect for working with their own hands.
    • Respect for honesty, punctuality and truthfulness

D.  NSQF compliant skills in Qualification developed by sector skill council in Automotive sector or Capital Goods Sector pertaining to Automobile


  • CourseStructure

The course will consist of combination of practice, theory and hands on skills in the Automotive sector and Capital Goods Sector.


The curriculum in each of the years of the programme would be a suitable mix of general education and skill development components.

Skill Development Components:

  • The focus of skill development components shall be to equip students with appropriate knowledge, practice and attitude, to become work ready. The skill development components will be relevant to the industry as per its requirements.
  • The curriculum will necessarily embed within itself, National Occupational Standards (NOSs) of specific job roles within the industry. This would enable the students to  meet the learning outcomes specified in the NOSs.
  • The overall design of the skill development component along with the job roles selected will be such that it leads to a comprehensive specialization in few domains.
  • The curriculum will focus on work-readiness skills in each of the year of training.
  • Adequate attention will be given in curriculum design to practical work, on the job training, development of student portfolios and project work.

General Education Component:

  • The general education component adheres to the normal senior secondary and university standards. It will emphasize and offer courses which provide holistic development. However, it will not exceed 40% of the total curriculum.
  • Adequate emphasis is given to language and communication skills.

The curriculum is designed in a manner that at the end of year-3, year-4 and year-5, students can meet below mentioned level descriptors for level 5, 6 and 7 of NSQF, respectively:

Level Process required Professional Knowledge Professional skill Core skill Responsibili ty
        Level 5       Job that requires well developed skill, with clear choice of procedures in familiar context     Knowledge of facts, principles, processes and general concepts, in a field of work or study   A range of cognitive and practical skills required to accomplish tasks and solve problems by selecting and applying basic methods, tools materials and information     Desired mathematical skill, understanding of social, political and some skill of collecting and organizing information, communication.   Responsibility for own work and learning and some responsibility for other’s works and learning
        Level 6     Demands wide range of specialized technical skill, clarity of knowledge and practice in broad range of activity involving standard/ non-standard practices       Factual and theoretical knowledge in broad contexts within a field of work or study     A range of cognitive and practical skills required to generate solutions to specific problems in a field of work or study   Reasonably good in mathematical calculation, understanding of social, political and reasonably good in data collecting organizing information, and logical communication     Responsibility for own work and learning and full responsibility for other’s works and learning
      Level 7   Requires a command of wide ranging specialized theoretical and practical skill, involving variable routine and non- routine context   Wide ranging, factual and theoretical knowledge in broad contexts within a field of work or study   Wide range of cognitive and practical skills required to generate solutions to specific problems in a field of work or study Good logical and mathematical skill understanding of social political and natural environment good in collecting and organizing information, communication and presentation skill     Full responsibility for output of group and development


Level Code Educational Component Credit Marks
          5   Semester I Theory
5.GV.01 Motor Vehicle Technology -II 3 50
5.GV.02 Automobile Electrical Equipment 3 50
5.GV.03 Two and Three Wheeler 3 50
5.GV.04 Modern Electric & Hybrid Vehicles 3 50
5.VP.01 Metrology and Measuring Instruments Lab 1.5 50
5.VP.02 Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Lab 1.5 50
On-Job-Training (OJT)/Qualification Packs
Automotive Service Technician Level 5 (ASC/Q 1403)     (Any one)     15     200
Spare Parts Operations Executive Level 5 (ASC/Q 1502)
Industrial Engineer (Layout Design) (ASC/Q6401)
Tool Designer (ASC/Q4001)
Equipment Designer L5 (ASC/Q 6405)
      5   Semester II Theory
5.GV.05 Industrial Management 3 50
5.GV.06 Total Quality Management 3 50
5.GV.07 Entrepreneurship 3 50
5.GV.08 Rapid Prototyping & Reverse Engineering 3 50
5.VP.03 Project 3 100
On-Job-Training (OJT)/Qualification Packs
One more QP to be opted from the QPs mentioned in the Level 5 first semester (Any one) 15 200
  6   Semester I   Theory 6.GV.01     Automobile Electrical System                                                            3             50
6.GV.02 Automobile Drawing & Design 3 50
6.GV.03 Automobile Engines 3 50
6.GV.04 Mass Production Devices 3 50
Level Code Educational Component Credit Marks
  6.VP.01 Automobile Workshop – I 1.5 50
6.VP.02 Tool & Die Making Lab. 1.5 50
On-Job-Training (OJT)/Qualification Packs
Automotive Service Technician Level 6 (ASC/Q1404)     (Any one)     15     200
Automation Specialist (ASC/Q6807)
Assembly Line Machine Setter (ASC/Q3603)
Process Design Engineer (ASC/Q6404)
Quality Controller (ASC/Q1605)
      6   Semester II Theory
6.GV.05 Automobile Engine Systems 3 50
6.GV.06 Automotive Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 3 50
6.GV.07 Vehicle Performance and Testing 3 50
6.GV.08 Electrical & Hybrid Vehicles – II 3 50
6.VP.03 Automotive RAC Lab 1.5 50
6.VP.04 Vehicle Performance and Testing Lab 1.5 50
On-Job-Training (OJT)/Qualification Packs
One more QP to be opted from the QPs mentioned in the Level 6 first semester Any one) 15 200
          7   Semester I Theory
7.GV.01 Automotive System Design 3 50
7.GV.02 Plant Layout & Product Handling 3 50
7.GV.03 Industrial Engineering& Safety Engineering 3 50
7.GV.04 CAD & CAM 3 50
7.VP.01 CAD & CAM Lab. 1.5 50
7.VP.02 Design of Automotive Systems Lab 1.5 50
On-Job-Training (OJT)/Qualification Packs
Spare Parts Operations Incharge (ASC/Q1503)     (Any one)     15     200
Body Shop In-Charge (ASC/Q1413)
Service Supervisor (ASC/Q1412)
Testing Manager (ASC/Q8405)
Product Design Manager L7 (ASC/Q8103)
    7   Semester II Theory
7.GV.05 Vehicle Safety 3 50
7.GV.06 Agile & Lean Manufacturing Systems 3 50
7.GV.07 Production Planning & Control 3 50
7.VP.03 Project 6 150
On-Job-Training (OJT)/Qualification Packs
One more QP to be opted from the QPs mentioned in the Level 7 first semester (Any one) 15 200

Detailed Curriculum

 (5.GV.01) Motor Vehicle Technology – II UNIT 1: FRAME AND BODY

Function and construction of frame. Cross-section of frames. Unitized construction (monocoque) types of bodies. Terms – Turning radius, lock-to-lock angle, centre point steering, positive steering, gradeability. Idea of Safety features in a modern car.


Function. Types – conventional and independent. Spring types – coil, leaf – elliptical, semi- elliptical; helper springs, transverse springs. Spring camber; spring material. Torsion bar, stabiliser bar. Shock absorbers- telescopic and gas. Maruti suspension system and shockers. Anti-roll bars. Nitrox suspension.


Principle – Ackermann and Davis. Function, requirements. Steering gear box – types. Construction and working details of worm and sector, rack and pinion, worm and wheel, worm and recirculating ball type. Tractor steering. Power steering. Electronic Steering. Front axle – rigid front axle. Stub axle. Elliot and reverse elliot type. Lemoine and reverse lemoine type. Tractor front axle. Maruti steering system.

Wheel alignment – castor angle, camber angle, K.P.I., Toe-in, toe out. General values of these.


Braking terms – braking efficiency, stopping distance, stopping time, weight transfer during braking, leading/trailing shoe of brake. Determination of braking torque. Effect of braking on steering. Types of braking systems- constructional details and working of mechanical brakes, hydraulic brakes, parking brake, vacuum, pneumatic, air-hydraulic brakes; tractor brakes. Drum and disc brakes. Master cylinder, tandem master cylinder, wheel cylinder. Brake lining and brake fluid. Brake defects, their causes and remedies. Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) & Electronic Brake Distribution (EBD).


Effects and extent of pollution caused due to stationary and automobile engines. Harmful products and their causes in petrol & diesel engines. Measures to control exhaust emissions

from two-stroke engines, four-stroke engines, and diesel engines. Turbocharger. Products which cause de-activation of catalysts in catalytic converters. Unleaded petrol. Emission measuring instruments for petrol and diesel engines. Limits specified in Motor Vehicles Act. Recent trends in Automobile Pollution Control-Exhaust Gas Recirculation. Air Injection, Reactor System. Positive Crankcase Ventilation. Evaporative Emission Control System.

Reference Books:

1. Automobile Mechanics, A.K. Babu, S.C. Sharma, T.R. Banga, Khanna Publishing House

(5.GV.02) Automobile Electrical Equipment

Unit 1: Automobile Wiring Systems & Cables

Earth-return and insulated-return systems; 6 Volt, 12 Volt and 24 Volt systems. Positive and negative earthing. Cables-starting systems cables, general purpose cables and high- tension cables; specifications and colour codes. Diagram of a typical wiring system. Wiring harness, cable connectors, circuit breakers, plastic fibre-optic wires, printed circuits. Fuses in circuits.

Unit 2: Storage Battery

Principle of lead-acid cells; constructional details of battery plates, separator, container, terminal, vent plug, grouping compound. Electrolyte: specific gravity of electrolyte and its variation with temperature. Effect of charging and discharging of specific gravity. Capacity of battery. Efficiency of battery. Methods of charging of battery. Internal circuit of battery charger. Care and maintenance of batteries. Checking for cell voltage and specific gravity of electrolyte. Battery tests- high discharge test, cranking motor test, open-circuit voltage test, cadmium test, life test. Battery failures, Maintenance-free batteries, VRLA batteries, Traction battery. Alkaline type batteries. Fuel cell and its types, Battery Life enhancer.

UNIT 3: Dynamo

Principle of generation of D.C. Constructional details of a Dynamo. Armature reaction. Principle of commutation. Construction of commutator. Types of wound field generator- series, shunt and compound wound. Other types of D.C. generators-four brush & four pole, interpole, split field and bucking field. Dyna-Starter, Generator drive.

UNIT 4: Alternator

Principle of generation of A.C. Constructional details of an alternator. Working of alternators. Advantages over dynamo. Types of alternators. Charging of battery with an alternator. Regulator for alternators.

UNIT 5: Regulators

Constant current and constant voltage systems, Double-contact and compensated voltage- control regulators. Current-and-voltage regulator, Cut-out

Reference Books:

  1. Automotive Electricals and Electronics, A.K. Babu, Khanna Publishing House
  2. Automotive Electrical Equipment: PL Kohli
  3. Modern Electrical Equipment: AW Judge
  4. Automotive Electrical Equipment: WH Crouse

(5.GV.03) Two and Three Wheeler

Unit I: The Power Unit

Two stroke and four stroke SI & CI engine Construction and Working, merits and demerits, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical valve & port timing diagrams, scavenging process

Unit II: Fuel and Ignition Systems

Fuel system – Different circuits in two wheeler fuel systems, fuel injection system. Lubrication system,Ignition systems – Magneto coil and battery coil spark ignition system, Electronic ignition System,Starting system – Kick starter system – Self-starter system, Recent technologies

Unit III: Chassis and Sub-Systems

Main frame for two and three wheelers, its types, Chassis and different drive systems for twowheelers, Single, multiple plates and centrifugal clutches, Gear box and its and various gear controlsin two wheelers. Front and rear suspension systems, Shock absorbers, Panel meters and controls on handle bar, Freewheeling devices

Unit IV: Brakes and Wheels

Drum brakes & Disc brakes Construction and Working and its Types, Front and Rear brake links layouts.

Brake actuation mechanism. Spoked wheel, cast wheel, Disc wheel & its merits and demerits.

Tyres and tubes Construction & its Types. Steering geometry

Unit V: Two & Three Wheelers – Case Study

Case study of Sports bike, Motor cycles, Scooters and Mopeds – Auto rickshaws, Pick up van,

Delivery van and Trailer, Servicing and maintenance, recent developments

(5.GV.04) Modern Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Unit 1: Introduction

Introduction to electric and hybrid electric vehicles, History of hybrid and electric vehicles, Social and environmental importance of electric and hybrid electric vehicles, Electrical basics, Motor and generator basics

Unit 2: Electric and Hybrid Electric Drive Trains

Basic concept of electric and hybrid traction, Introduction to various electric and hybrid electric drive train topologies, Advantages and disadvantages

Unit 3: Power Flow

Power flow control in electric and hybrid electric drive train topologies.

Unit4: Electric Drive Components

Introduction to electric drive components used in electric and hybrid vehicles, Electric motor requirements, Direct Current (DC) motors (Brushed and Brushless), Power converters, Drive controllers.

Unit 5: Regenerative Braking System (RBS)

Introduction and need of Regenerative Braking System, Advantages and disadvantages of RBS, Working of RBS, Concept of Regenerative Braking using Piezoelectric material, Using shock absorbers as vibration energy harvesters.

Reference Books:

  1. Electric & Hybrid Vehicles, A.K. Babu, Khanna Publishing House
  2. Automotive Fuel Technology-Electric, Hybrid and Fuel-Cell Vehicles: Jack Erjavec & Jeff Arias
  3. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals: Iqbal Husain
  4. Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory and Design: Mehrdadehsani, Yimingao, Ali Emadi

(5.VP.01) Metrology and Measuring Instruments lab.

  1. Measurement of angle with the help of sine bar/ Vernier Bevel protractor.
  2. Study and sketch of various types of optical projectors.
  3. Study and sketch of various types of comparators and use them for comparing length of given piece.
  4. To measure the diameter of a hole with the help of precision balls.
  5. To measure external and internal taper with the help of taper gauges, precision rollers.
  6. To test the squareness of a component with auto-collimeter.
  7. To measure the pitch, angle and form of thread of a screw.
  8. To measure the geometry of a gear having involute profile.
  9. To measure the straightness of the edge of a component with the help of auto- collimeter.
  10. To measure the length, breadth, thickness, depth, height with micrometer.
  11. To measure the length, breadth, thickness, depth, height, with height gauge and Vernier calipers.
  12. Calibration of Vernier calipers/micrometers.
  13. Calibration of height gauge/depth gauge.
  14. Study of a tool maker’s microscope.
  15. Checking of accuracy of snap gauge with slop gauge.
  16. Checking of accuracy of a plug gauge with micrometer.
  17. Measurement of areas by polar planimeter.
  18. Use of feeler, wire, radius and fillet gauges measurement of standard parameters.

(5.VP.02)Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Lab

  1. Understand working of different configurations of electric vehicles
  2. Understand hybrid vehicle configuration and its components, performance analysis
  3. Understand the properties of batteries and its types
  4. Understand of electric vehicle drive systems.
  5. Understand of hybrid electric vehicles.
  6. Understand Auxiliary systems including charging, starter motor, on board power supply, lighting and environmental sensing and conducting repairs. Repair & Replacement of Electric/ Hybrid Vehicle body
  7. Repair & Replacement of Electric Vehicle Drive Train
  8. Fault diagnosis & repair / replacement of Battery, DC & AC Electrical Machines, Hybrid Electric Vehicles

1.  Introduction:

Level 5 (Semester II)

(5.GV.05) Industrial Management

Growth of industry, The management of men, materials and machines, the art of management, Sources of capital- industrial individual enterprise, private partnership and private Ltd. Co., Joint Stock Co. shares, debentures, financial agencies and their role in promoting industries. Break even analysis.

2.  Private sector and public sector:

Public sector enterprise, merits and demerits of public sector industry and private sector industry, Line, staff and functional organizations, reasons for the choice of various types of organization, functions of different departments, viz. stores, purchase and sales departments relationship between individual departments.

3.  Wages & incentives:

Definition of wages, real wage and nominal wage, systems of wage payment, incentives, financial and non – financial incentives, Essentials of a good wage plan, essentials of a good incentive scheme. Introduction toelements of cost & indirect expenses, Material cost, labour cost, fixed and variable overheads, components of cost, selling price, Factory expenses, administrative expenses, selling & distribution expenses, depreciation, obsolescence, interest on capital, Idleness, Repair and maintenance.

4.  Labour, industrial & tax laws:

Evolution of industrial law, factory act, workmen compensation act, payment of wages act, employee’s state insurance act, Industrial dispute act. Role of technician in industry: Position of technician in various engineering departments, Role of a supervisor in industry, Foremanship, duties and qualities of a good foreman.

5.  Material management:

Introduction, Scope of Material Management selective control techniques-ABC analysis, Material handling, inventory control, Essential steps in inventory control, quality standards

Reference Books:

1. Industrial Management, S.C. Sharma, Khanna Publishing House

(5.GV.06) Total Quality Management

  1. Introduction, Basic concepts of total quality management

Introduction to Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Concept and definition of quality cost, Determinants of Quality, Optimum cost of performance, Principles of TQM, Pillars of TQM, Introduction to leadership and Leadership roles, Quality council and Quality statement, Strategic Planning Process, Deming philosophy

2.  Continuous process improvement

Input /output process Model, Juran trilogy, PDCA Cycle, 5–‘S’ Housekeeping principle, Kaizen Seven tools of Quality (Q-7 tools), Check Sheet, Histogram, Cause and effect diagram, Pereto diagram, Stratification analysis, Scatter diagram, Control charts, Control chart for variables & process capability, Control chart for attributes

3.  Management planning tools & Bench marking

Affinity diagram, Relationship diagram, Tree diagram, Matrix diagram, Matrix data analysis, Arrow Diagram, Process decision programme chart (PDPC), Concept of bench marking, Reason to bench marking, Bench marking process, Types of bench marking, Benefits of bench marking

4.  Just in time (JIT)

JIT philosophy, Three elements of JIT, Principles of JIT Manufacturing, JIT Manufacturing building blocks, JIT benefits, Kanban & 2 Bin Systems

5.  Total productive maintenance (TPM)

Concept of Total Productive Maintenance, Types of maintenance, OEE (Overall Equipment Efficiency), Stages in TPM implementation, Pillars of TPM, Difficulties faced in TPM implementation.

Reference Books:

1. Total Quality Management, S.C. Sharma, M.P. Poonia, Khanna Publishing House

(5.GV.07) Entrepreneurship

  1. Entrepreneurship and entrepreneur:

Need of Employment and Opportunities, Essential Characteristics of a good Entrepreneur, Industrial Policy, Classification of industries- Micro, small scale , Medium scale, Large scale, Type of industries- Production, Job based & Service

2.  Entrepreneurial Development:

Product identification/ selection, Site selection, Plant layout, Institutional support needed, Pre-market survey.

3.  Entrepreneurship Support System and Start-ups:

Introduction to start-up’s, Role of District Industries Centre in setting up industry, Function of NSIC, SISI, NISIET, NRDC, SSIC, SIDO, NMTC, KVIC, RSMML, Role of state finance

corporation, state electricity corporations, pollution control board, BIS, I.S.O. etc.

4.  Introduction to Tax System, Insurance and Acts:

Idea of income tax, sales tax, excise duty and custom duty, Industrial and fire insurance, procedure for industrial insurance, Introduction to Industrial acts, factory act, Workmen’s compensation act 1923, Apprentices act 1961, Environmental protection act 1986

  • Project Report Preparation:

Procedure of preparing a project report, Format of project report, Preparation of project report, Introduction to ISO: 9000 Series of Quality System

(5.GV.08) Rapid Prototyping & Reverse Engineering

  1. Introduction:

Introduction to Prototyping, Traditional Prototyping Vs. Rapid Prototyping (RP), Need for time compression in product development, Usage of RP parts, Generic RP process, Distinction between RP and CNC, other related technologies, Classification of RP.

2.         CAD Modelling and Data Processing for RP:

CAD model preparation, Data Requirements, different types of Data formats, Data interfacing, Part orientation and support generation, Support structure design, Model Slicing and contour data organization, direct and adaptive slicing, Tool path generation.

3.         RP Systems:

Photo-polymerization process, Powder Bed Fusion process, Applications of Powder Bed Fusion Processes. Extrusion – Based RP Systems, 3D Printing process modelling, Applications of Printing Processes. Sheet Lamination process /Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM), Beam Deposition: Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS), Direct Metal Deposition (DMD), Processing – structure- properties, relationships, Benefits and drawbacks.

4.         Rapid Tooling:

Conventional Tooling Vs. Rapid Tooling, Classification of Rapid Tooling, Direct and Indirect Tooling Methods, Soft and Hard Tooling methods.

5.         RP Applications:

Design, Engineering Analysis and planning applications, Rapid Tooling, Reverse Engineering, Medical Applications of RP

(5.VP.03) Project

On the basis oflearning in the vocational diploma, a project to be taken up by the student strengthening his/ her vocational skills

Level 6 (Semester I)

(6.GV.01) Automobile Electrical System


Principle, construction and working of starter motor. Series motor and its characteristics, Compound wound motor, Engine starting circuit, Starter drives-Bendix (torsion, compression), over-running clutch and sliding armature types. Starter switch – manual, solenoid, Factors affecting the starting of engines, Torque terms. Starting torque and power required, Motor efficiency, Armature reaction, Typical motor specifications


Types of ignition systems- battery-and-coil, magneto ignition systems. Ignition circuit. Details of the ignition system-ignition coil, distributor, condenser, contact breaker points, rotor, distributor cap, distributor drive. Firing order. Ignition timing. Ignition advance and retard, need, and factors it depends upon. Methods for obtaining advance and retard- vacuum and mechanical. Optical sensor for spark timing.


Spark plugs-constructional details; types used in automobiles, conditions of working of spark plugs. Glow plugs of diesel engines. Magneto-rotating armature and rotating magnet types. Electronic ignition of cars & motor-cycles (CDI), Idea of Distributor-less Direct ignition system.


Requirements of automobile lighting. Head lamp – mounting and construction; Plastic headlamp Lens, sealed beam assembly. Asymmetrical head light, dipper and full beam, care of headlamp, Lens cleaners. Dynamic headlight beam control, Advanced Front lighting system (AFS) Types of bulbs. Reflector optics. Light sources – tungsten light Sources, tungsten halogen light sources, halogen infra-red reflective light sources, HID light sources (Xenon and bi-xenon), LED light sources, Blue vision head lamp. Auxillary lights, Brake light, Fog light, Flasher unit, warning lights and panel lights.


Fuel and oil pressure gauge, cooling water temperature gauge, electrical speedometer, amperemeter, wind-screen wiper, electrical horn and relay, cigarette lighter, Odometer, wind-shield washing equipment, engine rpm meter, glow plug indicator, cluster assembly. Radio and television Interference suppressors, electrical switches. Central locking of doors, power winding of window panes, car heaters AC, blower and air flow controls, Rear defogger.

Reference Books:

1. Automotive Engines, A.K. Babu, Khanna Publishing House

(6.GV.02) Automobile Drawing & Design

Unit 1

Drafting of sectional views of the following assemblies: (a) Cylinder block and crankcase of 2-wheeler, (b) Poppet valve assembly of a 4-stroke engine, (c) Piston assembly, (d) Connecting rod assembly, (e) Spark plug, (f) Injector.

Unit 2

Free hand line diagram of the following systems: (a) Fuel system of petrol engine (b) Fuel system of diesel engine (c) Cooling system of a multi-cylinder engine (d) Lubricating system of a multi-cylinder engine (e) Steering system of Maruti (f) Suspension systems of Maruti

(g) Hydraulic Braking System of Maruti Zen (h) Air Hydraulic Braking System of TATA (i) Block diagram of Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) system (j) Block diagram of Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) system (k) Oxygen sensor (l) Fuel injector of EFI.

Unit 3

Drafting of sectional views of the following assemblies

(1) Master cylinder (2) Wheel cylinder (3) Universal joint

Unit 4

Sketch layouts of (a) Depot (b) F.I. pump reconditioning shop (c) Electrical Workshop.

Unit 5

Design of the following components of an automobile engine

(1) Piston assembly (2) Connecting rod assembly (3) Crank shaft (4) Flywheel

Reference Books:

1. Automobile Drawing: RB Gupta

(6.GV.03) Automobile Engines


  • Fundamentals of Thermodynamics: Internal energy, Enthalpy, Mechanical Equivalent of Heat, Conservation of energy. First and Second Law of thermodynamics. P-V diagram. Reversible process. Various thermodynamic processes. Entropy, General case for change of entropy of a gas. Change of entropy during various processes. Temperature-entropy diagram. Simple numerical problem
  • Air standard cycles: Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Air standard efficiency of Otto and Diesel cycle. Effect of compression ratio on efficiency. Simple numerical problems. Graphical representation of ideal and actual cycle. Comparison between actual and ideal cycles. Reasons for variation. Mean effective pressure. Work done during the cycle.


  • I.C. Engines’ operation: Working of two stroke cycle and four stroke cycle petrol and diesel engines. Valve timing diagrams. Port timing diagrams. Classification of I.C. Engines.
  • Reciprocating Engine Details: Construction, function, material and manufacturing process of: (a) Cylinder Block- 2-stroke air cooled and 4-stroke water cooled cylinder liner (wet and dry), cylinder head, gaskets. Different cylinder arrangements. Cylinder wear. Forms of combustion chamber in petrol engine. Location of spark plug. Combustion

chamber in Diesel engines. Turbulence in Combustion chambers.

UNIT 3: Engines Details (continued)

(b) Piston-plain, split skirt, auto-thermic, cam-ground, Anodising and Tinning of piston, Piston clearance (c) Piston rings-different types (d) Piston pin; different methods of fitting piston pin (e) Valves: Poppet, Rotary, reed, Poppet Valve arrangement, Overhead and side valve operating mechanism. Valve clearance. Hydraulic tappet. Sodium cooled valves. Valve seat inserts (f) Connecting rod, Section of connecting rod. Bearing metal for big and small end of connecting rod (g) Crank shaft. Left hand, right hand crankshaft. Balancing of crank shaft (General idea about static and dynamic balancing, problems excluding). Main bearings. Crankshaft end play. Vibration damper. Flywheel (h) Camshaft, Camshaft drive timing gears (i) Inlet and exhaust manifold, Mufflers, Exhaust pipe (j) Variable Valve Timing (VVT).


  • Rotary Engine. Principle and operation. Engine cooling. Advantages and limitations.
  • Internal combustion Turbines. Principle of working, Classification, Brayton cycle. Cycle efficiency. Friction effect. Optimum compression ratio. Simple numerical problems, Deviation of practical cycles. Methods to improve efficiency, Turbine characteristics, combustion chamber, Fuel injection, Ignition Gas turbine Fuels, Materials. Turbine blades.


  • Supercharging and scavenging. Necessity of supercharging, Rotary compressors, Turbocharger requirement, Effect of supercharging on power output, mechanical losses, fuel consumption, detonation, Limitations of supercharging. Methods and classification of scavenging process. Performance of different scavenging systems.
  • Engine specifications, specifications of engines of Indian vehicles – four wheelers, three wheelers and two wheelers.

Reference Books:

  1. Automotive Engines, A.K. Babu, Khanna Publishing House
  2. Thermal Engineering I & II: Sarao, Gambhir & Aggarwal
  3. Automobile Engineering II: Kirpal Singh
  4. Basic Automobile Engineering: CP Nakra
  5. Automobile Engineering: RB Gupta

(6.GV.04) Mass Production Devices

  1. Tool holders:

Tool holders for turning and milling carbide inserts-types, ISO-designation and applications, Tool holding and tool mounting systems for conventional milling and drilling machine tools.

2.         Locating and clamping devices:

Concept, meaning and definitions of location and clamping, Use of locating and clamping principles in day-to-day supervision on shop floor, Degree of freedom-concept and importance, 3-2-1 principle of location, Locators-Types, Sketches with nomenclature, Working, Applications, Fool proofing and ejecting

3.         Clamping devices:

Types, Sketches with nomenclature, Working, Applications

4.         Jigs and fixtures:

Concept, meaning, differences and benefits of jigs and fixtures, Types, sketches with nomenclature, working and applications of jigs, Types, sketches with nomenclature, working and applications of fixtures,

5.         Design of Jigs and Fixtures:

Steps in designing jigs and fixture for given simple component

(6.VP.01) Automobile Workshop -_I


Engine tuning: Meaning and scope of engine tuning. Necessity of engine tuning, Service data of Maruti: Alto, WagonR, Swift (Petrol & Diesel); Hyundai: Santro, Ford: Figo; Volkswagen: Polo; Chevrolet: Spark. Engine analysis and tuning with the help of diagnostic computer, Diesel engine injection timing checking


Wheel Balance: Reasons of wheel imbalance, Effect of wheel imbalance on stability of vehicle. Static and dynamic balancing, Wheel balancing by the application of weights, Wheel Alignment: Meaning of wheel alignment, Various angles-camber, caster, KPI & toe – and their effect on steering stability, General values of popular Indian vehicles, Wheel alignment on computerised wheel aligner


Measurement of Exhaust Pollution by various analysers such as Four Gas Analyser, Smoke meter, Nox analyser


Use of Headlight aligner, Wheel aligner, automotive oscilloscope


Servicing: Meaning and scope of servicing, Items attended to in servicing of a vehicle. Servicing a vehicle, Focussing and alignment of head lights

Reference Books:

  1. Engine Service: Gary Lewis
  2. Various Car’s Manuals

(6.VP.02) Tool & Die Making Lab.

  1. Manufacture of Box Jig and Angle plate jig
    1. Manufacture of “V” Block angle grinding Fixtures and profile milling fixture
    1. Manufacture of simple Blanking & piercing Tool
    1. Manufacture of Progressive tool for producing a Cycle chain link
    1. Manufacture of Press tools like Combination tool & Compound tool
    1. Manufacture of Draw tool
    1. Trial out On Fly press and power press the Produced components such as V, U, Cycle link, Cup, Washer and Cycle bell cup
  • Manufacture of simple V and U bending tool
    • Maintenance of Jig & fixture and press tool

Level 6 (Semester II) (6.GV.05) Automobile Engine Systems


STARTING SYSTEM: Idea of engine starting-system circuit. Kick-starting system of 2 wheelers. Starting of mopeds.

IGNITION SYSTEM: Idea of Battery-and-coil ignition circuit and its working. Compression ignition of diesel engines.

LUBRICATION SYSTEM: Lubrication in 2 stroke engines – petroil and oil-injection. Lubrication in 4 stroke multi-cylinder petrol/diesel engines. Dry and wet sump lubrication. Full pressure and semi-pressure lubrication. Oil pump types. Oil pump drive, relief valve; pressure gauge. Oil filters. Full-flow and by-pass type filtering systems. Crankcase dilution, crankcase ventilation. Positive Crankcase Ventilation.

Properties and functions of a good lubricating oil. Additives. Gradation of lubricating oil due to viscosity. SAE numbers. Service rating. 2T and Super 2T oils for use in 2-s engines.


COOLING SYSTEM: Necessity of cooling of I.C. engines. Methods of cooling-air cooling, water cooling, liquid cooling. Shape of cooling fins. Field of application of air cooling.

Water cooling system – Thermosiphon system, pump system, thermostat system of cooling. Thermostat – types. Radiators-different types, their construction and function. Pressurized cooling system; radiator pressure-cap, surge tank. Cooling water temperature gauge. Anti- freeze and anti-corrosive additives. Coolants. Flushing of cooling system.

AUTOMOBILE ENGINE FUELS: Types of fuels. Influence of structure. Calorific value. Requirements in fuels for I.C. engines. Properties. Fuel rating. Additives for S.I. and C.I. engine fuels. Specifications of petrol and diesel. Leaded and un-leaded petrol, Low Sulphur diesel. Enhancing Power output- Nitrox injection.

Non-conventional fuels – LPG, CNG ethanol-mixed petrol. Properties, method of manufacture and their performance as I.C. engine fuels. Engine modifications required. Dual mode engine.

Idea of Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles.


FUEL SYSTEM OF DIESEL ENGINES: Fuel supply system. Filters (primary and secondary); positioning of filters. Feed pump. Solid and air injection system. Fuel injection pump, different types- plunger, distributor pump, their construction and working. Injectors. Governors. Types of governing. Combustion process in diesel engine. Diesel knock. Electronically Controlled Diesel Injection Pump. Common Rail Direct Injection. Piezoelectric effect and its use in CRDI.


FUEL SYSTEM OF PETROL ENGINES: Gravity feed system used in 2-wheelers. Fuel supply circuit of 4-wheelers. Mechanical and electrical fuel pump. Electric fuel gauge. Petrol fuel filter. Air/fuel ratio. Variation of air/fuel ratio with speed. Air cleaners (wet & dry). Cyclone filter.

CARBURETOR – Function and principle of working of simple carburetor. Carburetor controls- throttle, choke. Types of Carburetors- fixed jet carburetor (Solex type) and constant vacuum carburetors used in YAMAHA motorcycle. Twin-barrel carburetors. Classification of carburetors. Disadvantages of carburetors. Phenomenon of combustion and detonation. Pre-ignition.


FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS (PETROL ENGINE): TBI, MPI; the Electronic Module. Advantages of Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI). Block diagram of the EFI. The Air Intake System and the Idle Air Control System. Fuel Delivery System. Various sensors used with the ECM, their location and purpose. Fuel Injector. Idea of Gasoline Direct Injection

ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND TESTING: Various losses in an engine. Heat balance, Morse method of finding IHP, Calculation of various quantities like IHP, BHP, mechanical efficiency, thermal efficiency, relative efficiency, overall efficiency, specific fuel consumption. Performance curves.

Reference Books:

1. Automotive Engines, A.K. Babu, Khanna Publishing House

(6.GV.06) Automotive Refrigeration & Air-conditioning

Unit-I: Refrigeration Fundamentals: Introduction to refrigeration and vapour compression system, cycle diagram (Carnot cycle, Reverse Carnot cycle, Simple vapour compression cycle, bell Coleman cycle), effects of various operating parameters on performance of A/C System, Vapour absorption refrigeration system (No numerical), Applications of refrigeration and air conditioning.

Unit-II: Refrigerants and Air conditioning Components: Environmental concerns/Legislation for automotive A/C systems, types and properties of refrigerants, refrigerant oils, refrigerant piping. Future refrigerants, Air conditioning components: Compressors, Condensers, flow control devices, evaporators – Design guidelines, types, sizing and their installation. Accumulators, receiver driers and desiccants, Refrigerant charge capacity determination

Unit-III: Air distribution system: Comfort conditions, Air management and heater systems, air distribution modes (Fresh/Recirculation, Face, Foot, Defrost, and Demist), A/C ducts and air filters. Blower fans, Temperature control systems (manual/semiautomatic, automatic). Vehicle operation modes and Cool-down performance

Psychrometry: Psychometric properties, tables, charts, Psychometric processes, Processes, Combinations and Calculations, ADP, Coil Condition line, Sensible heat factor, Bypass factor.

Unit-IV: Load analysis and control devices:Load Analysis, Outside and inside design consideration, Factors forming the load on refrigeration and air conditioning systems, Cooling and heating load calculations, Load calculations for automobiles, Effect of air conditioning load on engine performance, Air conditioning electrical and electronic control, pressure switching devices, sensors and actuators.

Unit-V: Diagnostics, Trouble Shooting, Service and Repair: Initial vehicle inspection, temperature measurements, pressure gauge reading and cycle testing, leak detection and detectors, Sight glass. Refrigerant safety/handling, refrigerant recovery; recycle and charging, system oil, system flushing, odour removal, retrofitting. Removing and replacing components, Compressor service.

Reference Books:

1. Refrigeration & Air Conditioning, Sadhu Singh, Khanna Publishing House

(6.GV.07) Vehicle Performance & Testing

Unit-I: Vehicle Performance Parameters:Vehicle Performance parameters: Fuel economy, acceleration, deceleration, gradability, top speed, handling, comfort, life durability, EGR systems, Impact of vehicular systems on performance: Suspension system, Steering system, Brakes, Tyres, carriage unit. Catalytic converters function andconstruction, Lambda close loop control system for gasoline vehicles.

Unit-II: Drive train and Component testing:Vehicular transmission performance: comparison of automotive clutches,Epicyclic transmission, torque converter, final drive and differential, testing of vehicle components: clutch, gear box (for noise and shifting force), brake testing, wheels and tyre testing – tyre wear pattern identification and causes.

Unit-III: Vehicle testing:Vehicle Testing – Road test, free acceleration test, coast down test, passer by noise test, road load data acquisition for vehicle.

Test tracks: Proving ground testing, high speed track, pavement track, corrugated track, mud track, steering pad, gradient track, deep wading through shallow water

Laboratory testing:Testing on chassis dynamometer, transition testing (Euro III onwards), accelerated testing, virtual testing, evaporative emission testing, oil consumption testing, endurance test, high speed performance test.

Collisions and Crash Testing:Crash testing: Human testing, dummies, crashworthiness, pole crash testing, rear crash testing, vehicle to vehicle impact, side impact testing, crash test sensors, sensor mounting, crash test data acquisition, braking distance test.

Unit-IV: Comfort, Convenience and Safety: Seats: types of seats, driving controls accessibility, and driver seat anthropometry. Steering: steering column angle, collapsible steering, and power steering. Adaptive cruise control, navigation system, adaptive noise control, driver information system, Safety: Motor vehicle safety standards, active safety, passive safety, bio-mechanics Structural safety, energy absorption, ergonomic consideration in safety.

Unit-V: Noise Vibration and EMI:Noise and vibration: Mechanism of noise generation, engine noise and vibration, causes and remedies on road shocks, wind noise and measurement. Automobile testing instrumentation: Sensors types and selection, instrumentation for functional tests, model test and full scale testing.

(6.GV.08) Electrical & Hybrid Vehicles – II

Unit -I: Hybrid Architecture and Power Plant Specifications: Series configuration locomotive drives- series parallel switching- load tracking architecture. Pre transmission parallel and combined configurations Mild hybrid- power assist- dual mode- power split- power split with shift- Continuously Variable transmission (CVT)- wheel motors. Grade and cruise targets- launching and boosting- braking and energy recuperation- drive cycle implications.

Unit -II: Sizing the Drive System and Energy Storage Technology: Matching electric drive and ICE; sizing the propulsion motor; sizing power electronics. Battery basics; lead acid battery; different types of batteries; battery parameters

Unit-III: Fuel Cells:Fuel cell characteristics- fuel cell types – alkaline fuel cell- proton exchange Membrane; direct methanol fuel cell- phosphoric acid fuel cell- molten carbonate fuel cell- solid oxide fuel cell- hydrogen storage systems- reformers- fuel cell EV- super and ultra capacitors- PEM fuel cell vehicles.

Unit IV: Energy Storage: Battery based energy storage: Battery basics, Lead acid (Pb-Acid) battery, Nickel-Cadmium (NiCd) battery, Nickel-Metal-Hydride (NiMH) battery, Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery, Lithium-polymer (Li-poly) battery, Ultra capacitors.

Unit -V: Nonelectric Hybrid Systems: Short term storage systems flywheel accumulators. continuously variable transmissions hydraulic accumulators hydraulic pumps/motors- pneumatic hybrid engine systems operation modes.

Reference Books:

1. Electric & Hybrid Vehicles, A.K. Babu, Khanna Publishing House

(6.VP.03) Automotive RAC Lab.

  1. Test on vapor compression test rig.
  2. Test on air conditioning test rig.
  3. Study of various methods of transport refrigeration systems.
  4. Study and demonstration on car and bus air conditioning system.
  5. Study of latest trends in automotive refrigeration systems.
  6. Study and demonstration of controls in refrigeration.
  7. Study of different components with the help of cut sections/models/charts- Compressor, Condenser, Evaporators, Expansion device, Blower fans, Hating systems etc.
  8. Study of installation/operations/maintenance practices for refrigeration systems.
  9. Study of leak testing and leak detection methods.
  10. Visit to maintenance shop of automotive air conditioning and writing report on it.

(6.VP.04) Vehicle Performance & Testing Lab

  1. Estimation of power requirement for vehicle propulsion by taking actual vehicle example.
  2. Perform coast down test to find vehicle inertia.
  3. On road fuel consumption test at different speeds.
  4. Brake efficiency measurement
  5. Pass- by noise test.
  6. Free acceleration test.
  7. Vibration measurement in passenger compartment
  8. Laboratory testing of vehicle on chassis dynamometer for performance
  9. Laboratory testing of vehicle on chassis dynamometer for emission.
  10. Report based on visit to vehicle testing and research organization.
  11. On road emission testing of petrol and diesel vehicles for PUC/RTO

Level 7 (Semester I)

(7.GV.01) Automotive System Design

Unit-I: Design of Clutches & Gearbox:Design requirements of friction clutches, selection criterion, torque transmission capacity, lining materials, Design of single plate clutch, multi- plate clutch and centrifugal clutch. Selection of gear ratios and final drive ratio, numerical on 3- speed and 4- speed gearbox.

Unit-II: Design of Propeller Shafts and Axles: Design of propeller shafts for bending, torsion and rigidity, Design of universal joints and slip joints, final drive, Design of live and dead axles.

Unit-III: Brake Systems:Design of hydraulic braking system, internal expanding shoe brake and disc brake, design of master and wheel cylinder and piping design.

Unit-IV: Design of Suspension and Steering System: General design considerations of suspension system, design of helical and leaf springs for automobile suspension system, design considerations of belleville springs, elastomeric springs, design considerations of steering system and vehicle frame design.

Unit-V: Statistical Consideration in Design and Optimization:Ergonomics and aesthetic design, statistics in design, design for natural tolerances, statistical analysis, and mechanical reliability, introduction to design optimization of mechanical elements, adequate and optimum design, methods of optimization, johnson’s method of optimum design-simple problems in optimum design like axially loaded members.

Reference Books:

1. Automobile Mechanics, A.K. Babu, S.C.Sharma, T.R. Banga, Khanna Publishing House

(7.GV.02) Plant Layout & Product Handling

Objective of Facility Design: Types of layout problems, the layout function, organization of layout. Analysis and Design of Material Flow: Systems approach to flow cycle, process charts, flow process charts, Quantitative analysis of material flow; optimal material flow configuration. Space and Area Allocation for Production and Physical Plant Services;

Computerized handling of layout algorithms; Algorithms for computerized Layout Planning, Construction and Development type of computerized Layout Planning Techniques i.e. CRAFT, ALDEP, CORELAP etc.;

Product handling; Design of system configurations conforming to various kinds of product features and layout characteristics; Design concepts of common handling and transfer equipment; Different types of conveyors, elevators, fork lifters;

Design concept of warehouse facilities commensurate with adopted kind of handling and transfer devices; Automated Handling of materials, Automated Transfer lines, AGVS, Use of Robots in Product handling, automated packaging devices.

Application of pneumatic and hydraulic system in transportation and handling of products, Design of integrated plant layout for product handling systems

(7.GV.03) Industrial Engineering & Safety Engineering


INSPECTION: Inspection and its objective. Types of inspection. Inspection standards. Duties of inspection foreman.

QUALITY CONTROL: Concept of quality control. elements of quality control, quality control groups, objectives of quality control. Statistical quality control, objectives of S.Q.C. Inspection by variables & attributes. Frequency distribution, mean, median & mode, standard deviation, X-R charts, P-Charts, C-Charts and acceptance sampling. (i) I.S.O. 9000

  • KAIZEN (iii) Six Sigma (iv) 5S (v) TQM system, concept & brief idea only


WORK STUDY: Method study-Process chart, Flow process chart, Flow diagram, Man and Machine chart, gang process chart, Work Measurement-Time study, Tools used in time study, Performance rating, Allowance and use of time standard, Time and Motion Study. Principles of human motion economy, Micro-motion study, Memo motion study, Therbligs, left hand and right hand chart.


CPM & PERT: Introduction to CPM, language of CPM net work. Diagram map for CPM chart, arrow diagram method of CPM, Programme Evaluation & Review Technique (PERT) Activity event net work (simple manual cases only). Project scheduling with CPM & PERT.


PLANT LAYOUT: General plant location factors, Influence of location on plant layout, selection of plant site, Product layout, Process layout. Advantages and disadvantages of process layout and product layout.

GENERAL: Standardization, sources of standard, value of standardization. Production Planning & Control-Introduction, concept of planning, scheduling routing & despatching and follow up functions. Need for Production, Planning and Control.


MATERIAL HANDLING: Material Handling & material handling equipment, factors in material handling problems, cost reduction through improved material handling, Reduction in time of material handling, Material handling equipment-Idea about lifting lowering devices, Transportation devices, combination devices, Maintenance of material handling equipment.

INDUSTRIAL SAFETY: Need for safety-Legal, humanitarian, economic and social considerations. Safe working conditions and productivity, Unsafe conditions and hazards.

Safety Engineering-General safety devices used on machines, Manual handling and storage of material. Mechanical handling of materials. Value Engineering, Meaning of Value, Value Analysis, reasons for unnecessary costs, selection of a product for value engineering. Data collection and analysis. TEN Commandments of Value Engineering. Brief idea of J.I.T. manufacturing and Kanban System.

Reference Books:

1. Industrial Safety, S.C. Sharma, Khanna Publishing House

(7.GV.04) CAD & CAM

  1. Introduction CIM and CAD & Analysis:

CIM: Introduction of CIM– concept of CIM – evolution of CIM – CIM wheel –Benefits – integrated CAD/CAM. CAD: Introduction– CAD definition – Shigley’s design process – CAD activities – benefits of CAD. Types of CAD systems, CAD software packages, 2D & 3D transformations, Geometric modeling: Techniques: Wire frame modeling – surface modeling – solid modeling

2.     Computer aided Manufacturing

CAM: Definition, functions, benefits. Group technology – Part families – Parts classification and coding – coding structure – Optiz system, MICLASS system and CODE System – process planning – CAPP – Types of CAPP : Variant type, Generative type – advantages of CAPP – production planning and control – computer integrated production management system – Master Production Schedule (MPS) – Capacity planning – Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) –Manufacturing Resources Planning (MRP-II)

3.     CNC Machine and Components:

CNC Machines: Numerical control – definition – components of NC systems – development of NC – DNC – Adaptive control systems – working principle of a CNC system – Features of CNC machines – advantage of CNC machines – difference between NC and CNC – Construction and working principle of turning centre – Construction and working principle of machining centers – machine axes conventions turning centre and machining centre – design considerations of NC machine tools.

4.     Part Programming

NC part programming – methods – manual programming – conversational programming

– APT programming – Format: sequential and word address formats – sequence number – coordinate system – types of motion control: point-to-point, paraxial and contouring – Datum points: machine zero, work zero, tool zero NC dimensioning – reference points – tool material – tool inserts – tool offsets and compensation – NC dimensioning – preparatory functions and G codes, miscellaneous functions and M codes – interpolation: linear interpolation and circular interpolation.

5.        FMS, Integrated Material Handling and Robot:

Types of manufacturing – introduction to FMS – FMS components – FMS layouts – Types of FMS: flexible manufacturing cell – flexible turning cell – flexible transfer line – flexible machining systems – benefits of FMS – introduction to intelligent manufacturing system – virtual machining. Computer Integrated material handling – AGV: working principle – types, benefits – Automatic Storage and Retrieval Systems (ASRS).ROBOT – definition – robot configurations – basic robot motion – robot programming method – robotic sensors – industrial applications: characteristics, material transfer, machine loading, welding, spray coating, assembly and inspection.

Reference Books:

  1. Engineering AutoCAD, A.P. Gautam & Pradeep Jain, Khanna Publishing House

(7.VP.01) CAD & CAM Lab

  • Introduction and different features of the CAD Software.
    • 2-D Drafting.
    • 3-D Modeling.
    • 3-D Advanced Modeling.
    • Assembly modeling.
    • Feature Modification and Manipulation
    • Detailing.
    • Sheet Metal Operations.
    • Surface Modeling
    • To prepare part programming for plain turning operation.
    • To prepare part programming for turning operation in absolute mode.
    • To prepare part program in inch mode for plain turning operation.
    • To prepare part program for taper turning operation.
    • To prepare part program for turning operations using turning cycle.
    • To prepare part program for threading operation.
    • To prepare part program for slot milling operation.
    • To prepare part program for gear cutting operation.
    • To prepare part program for gear cutting using mill cycle.
    • To prepare part program for drilling operation.

(7.VP.02) Design of Automotive Systems Lab

  1. Design of automotive clutch assembly and component drawing using any drafting software (Two full imperial sheets along with design calculations report) consists of:
    1. Functional design of clutch
    1. Design of clutch shaft, hub and flange
    1. Design of damper springs
    1. Design of sectors, rivets etc.
    1. Design of pressure plate assembly
    1. Design for linkage mechanism
    1. Details and assembly drawing
    1. Details and assembly drawing
  2. Design of automotive gear box along with reverse gear (Two full imperial sheets along with design calculationsreport) consists of:
    1. Calculation of gear ratios
  • Determination of number of teeth on gear pair
    • Determination of gear reductions
    • Design of gear pairs
    • Design of shafts
    • Selection of bearings
    • Details and assembly drawing
  • Design of suspension spring and its analysis using any analysis software.

Level 7 (Semester II)

(7.GV.05) Vehicle Safety

Unit 1

Introduction to vehicle safety, Basic concepts of vehicle safety, Risk evaluation and communication

Human error control, Universal design, The distracted driver, Crash Testing

Unit 2

Accident Data, Biomechanics and Occupant Simulation, Vehicle Body Testing, Dynamic Vehicle Simulation Tests, Occupant Protection, Pedestrian Protection, Compatibility, Interrelationship Among Occupants, Restraint Systems and Vehicle in Accidents, Significance of Rear Crash Safety, Role of seat in Rear crash safety, Performance criteria for different seats, Ultra high Retention seats

Unit 3

Introduction to Accident Analysis Reconstruction methods, Uncertainty in Measurement and cautions

Tire forces, Straight-line Motion, Critical speed from Tire Yaw marks, Reconstruction of Vehicular Rollover Accidents, Analysis of Collisions, Reconstruction Applications, Impulse Momentum Theory

Crush Energy, Frontal Vehicle –Pedestrian Collision, Photogrammetry for accident constructions

Unit 4

Antilock braking system, Traction control system, Electronic Stability Program, Low tire pressure warning system, Collision avoidance systems

Unit 5

Automotive Industry Standards, Transport Engineering Standards, Indian road congress Standards

(7.GV.06) Agile and Lean Manufacturing

  1. Introduction-

Introduction to Just in time production, Toyota production system, Introduction to lean manufacturing (LM), history of LM, advantages of LM over mass production

2. Waste Identification-

Types of wastes, lean manufacturing principles; Value, value stream, flow, pull and perfection

3. Value stream mapping-

Introduction to value stream mapping, types of value stream mapping, value added activities, necessary non value added activities, non-value added activities

4. Lean manufacturing tools-

Introduction to 5S, Kanban, kaizen, work standardization, Statistical process control, automation and other lean tools

5.  Agile manufacturing-

Introduction to agile manufacturing, advantages of agile manufacturing, differences with lean manufacturing.

(7.GV.07) Process Planning and Control

  1. Demand Forecasting-

Introduction, components of forecasting demand, Approaches to forecasting: forecasts based on judgment and opinion, Selection of forecasting technique.

2. Capacity Planning-

Defining and measuring capacity, determinants of effective capacity, capacity strategy, steps in capacity planning process, determining capacity requirements, Capacity alternatives, Evaluation of alternatives; Cost-Volume analysis.

3. Facility Location-

Need for location decisions, factors affecting location, qualitative and quantitative techniques of location. Facilities layout: Product, Process, Fixed position, combination and cellular layouts; Designing product and process layout, line balancing.

4. Production Control-

Capacity control and priority control, production control functions; Routing, scheduling, dispatching, expediting and follow up, Techniques of production control in job shop production, batch production and mass production systems

5. Sequencing-

Priority rules, sequencing methods, sequence jobs through two work centers, scheduling services, application of CPM and PERT techniques.

(7.VP.03) Project

On the basis of learning in the Bachelor of Vocational, a project to be taken up by the student strengthening his/ her vocational skills